Neurodiversity is an increasingly popular framework for describing differences in cognitive approaches, learning styles, social abilities, etc. It de-emphasizes pathology and highlights the fact that many differences are of degree rather than kind.

Neurodiversity re-conceptualizes and incorporates a number of conditions, including ADHD, autism, and learning differences, as conferring both strengths and weaknesses that depend heavily on context. 

These conditions should not be described as “needing cures” but rather should be recognized as part of the normal array of human differences. Autism, for example, is a life-long condition that affects the way someone experiences and relates to the world around them.

A strengths-based approach to neurodiversity and autism

Basic terms and definitions